territoriality, and sovereignty in Africa’, CODESRIA Bulletin (): Mbome, F.X. () ‘Les relations entre le Cameroun et le Nigeria: L’affaire Bakassi’. Affaire Bakassi: genèse, évolution et dénouement de l’affaire de la frontière terrestre et maritime Cameroun-Nigeria (). Responsibility: Guy Roger . “Les Relations entre le Cameroon et le Nigeria: 1’affaire Bakassi,” Afrique , no. 25 () The author reviews the long-standing territorial dispute.
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The peninsula is commonly described as “oil-rich”, though in fact no commercially viable deposits of oil have been discovered. However, documents released by the Cameroonians, in parity with that of the British and Germans, clearly places Bakassi under Cameroonian Territory as a consequence of colonial bakasi Anglo-German agreements.
The line was drawn through the Cross River estuary to the west of the peninsula, thereby implying Cameroonian ownership over Bakassi.
Archived from the original on 13 August It instructed Nigeria to transfer possession of the peninsula, but did not require the inhabitants to move or to change their nationality.
The ICJ delivered its judgment on 10 Octoberfinding based principally on the Anglo-German agreements that sovereignty over Bakassi did indeed rest with Cameroon. On 22 Novemberthe Nigerian Senate passed a resolution declaring that the withdrawal from the Bakassi Peninsula was illegal.
The Nigerian government did not, however, openly reject the judgment but instead called for an agreement that would provide “peace with honour, with the interest and welfare of our people. Obasanjo agreed to withdraw Nigerian troops within 60 days and to leave the territory completely in Cameroonian control within the next two years. The verdict caused consternation in Nigeria. The case was extremely complex, requiring the court to review diplomatic exchanges dating back over years.
Retrieved 31 March Rosenne’s the World Court: This makes the Bakassi area a very fertile fishing ground, comparable only to Newfoundland in North America and Scandinavia in Western Europe. Views Read Edit View history. Bakassian leaders threatened to seek independence if Nigeria renounced sovereignty. The outcome of the controversy was a de facto Nigerian refusal to withdraw its troops from Bakassi and transfer sovereignty.
Cameroon pointed to the Anglo-German treaty ofwhich defined sphere of control in the region, as well as two agreements signed in the s between Cameroon and Nigeria. These two ocean currents interact, creating huge foamy breakers which constantly advance towards the shore, and building submarine shoals rich in fish, shrimps, and a wide variety of other marine life forms.
The government took no action, and handed the final parts of Bakassi over to Cameroon on 14 August as planned, but a Federal High Court had stated this should be delayed until all accommodations for resettled Bakassians had been settled; the government did not seem to plan to heed this court order,  and set the necessary mechanisms into motion to override it.
The population of Bakassi is the subject of some dispute, but is generally put baakassi betweenandpeople. Retrieved from ” https: However, Nigeria never ratified the agreement, while Cameroon regarded it as being in force.
Matters arisingNigeriaworld. Nigeria began to withdraw its forces, comprising some 3, troops, beginning 1 Augustand a ceremony on 14 August marked the formal handover of the northern part of the peninsula. Retrieved 26 April The momentum achieved must be sustained.
The ICJ judgment was backed up by the United Nationswhose charter potentially allowed sanctions or even the use of bkassi to enforce the court’s ruling. In other projects Wikimedia Commons. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Retrieved 18 January What it is and how it Works.
Bakassi – Wikipedia
It lies between the Cross River estuary, near the city of Calabar in the west of the Bight of Biafra, and the Rio del Ray estuary on the east. The territory subsequently became de facto part of Nigeriaalthough the border was never permanently delineated. The remainder stayed under Nigerian civil authority for two more years. More armed clashes broke out in the early s. Retrieved 5 November The decision was reportedly made at a meeting on 2 July and The Vanguard newspaper of Nigeria reported the decision to secede.
Despite the formal handover of Bakassi by Nigeria to Cameroon inthe territory of Bakassi is still reflected as part of the local governments in Nigeria as embodied in the First Schedule, Part I of the Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria, The Nigerian newspaper The Guardian went further, declaring that the judgment was “a rape and unforeseen potential international conspiracy against Nigerian territorial integrity and sovereignty” and “part of a Western ploy to foment and perpetuate trouble in Africa”.
This page was last edited on 5 Novemberat This secession was announced on 9 Julyas the “Democratic Republic of Bakassi”. Nigeria and Cameroon have disputed the possession of Bakassi for some years, leading to considerable tension between the two countries. It aroused vitriolic comments from Nigerian officials and the Nigerian media alike.
Secretary-General Kofi Annan stepped in as a mediator and chaired a tripartite summit with the two countries’ presidents on 15 Novemberwhich established a commission to facilitate the peaceful implementation of the ICJ’s judgement. Most of the population make their living through fishing.